The Arctic and Antarctic share environmental extremes. To survive in such environments, microbes such as soil fungi need to compete with or protect themselves effectively from other soil microbiota and to obtain the often scarce nutrients available, and many use secondary metabolites to facilitate this. We therefore (i) screened for antimicrobial properties of cold-environment Arctic and Antarctic soil fungi, and (ii) identified changes in the secreted secondary metabolite profiles of a subset of these strains in response to temperature variation. A total of 40 polar soil fungal strains from King George Island, maritime Antarctic and Hornsund, Svalbard, High Arctic, were obtained from the Malaysian National Antarctic Research Centre culture collections. The plug assay technique was used to screen for antimicrobial potential against Gram-positive and Gram-negative human pathogenic bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, B. cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis and Escherichia coli). About 45% of the tested fungal strains showed antimicrobial activity against at least one tested microorganism. Three fungal isolates showed good bioactivity and were subjected to secondary metabolite profiling at different temperatures (4, 10, 15 and 28 °C). We observed a range of responses in fungal metabolite production when incubated at varying temperatures, confirming an influence of environmental conditions such as temperature on the production of secondary metabolites.
BiH football team defeated Greece with 3:1 and in that manner it became the leader of its group and it is one step closer to qualifying to World Cup 2014 in Brazil.But, BiH team has also been chosen as the first team of fair-play in Europe, with only 4 yellow cards, no red cards and with coefficient of 0.80 are the best European team, followed by Sweden, Czech Republic and Turkey, reports Dnevni Avaz.Although BiH did not play yesterday, Edin Džeko still remains the best scorer of qualifications with 7 goals in 5 matches, followed by Israeli scorer Hemed with 6, and Vedad Ibišević is on the third position with 5 goals.BiH is also the fourth team concerning the efficiency with 18 goals, with only The Netherlands (20), England (21) and Germany (22) ahead, and all teams have one more match than BiH. read more
They also say that if all residents who had participated in last year’s Earth Hour continued their power saving for an hour every day, the power authority would save enough electricity to be able to provide power to an additional 2,200 homes over a year.Earth Hour began in Sydney, Australia in 2007. Last year, around 1.3 billion people in 128 countries participated in the event.For more information about Earth Hour, visit www.EarthHourCanada.orgIf you’re doing anything for Earth Hour that you think should shine, let Energeticcity.ca know by emailing [email protected] Advertisement Everything just might look better in the dark.Tonight, British Columbians are being encouraged to switch off their lights for an hour, joining millions of Canadians and more than one billion people around the world for the fifth annual Earth Hour.- Advertisement -The worldwide event is hosted by the World Wildlife Federation and supported by B.C. Hydro within the province. This year’s theme is “Beyond the Hour.”The event begins at 8:30 p.m. in every time zone around the world. Residents are encouraged to turn off all unnecessary lights and appliances for an hour.In Fort St. John, the Northern Environmental Action Team will be hosting an event at Whole Wheat & Honey Café. Residents can listen to live music while celebrating Earth Hour. Tickets for the event are available for $15 at the door and the event will run from 7 until 10 p.m.In 2010, B.C. Hydro officials say they measured a more than one per cent drop in consumption across the province throughout the hour.Advertisement read more
A Donegal County Councillor asked members of the chamber today (Thurs) if there was “any point sitting at all” following what he claims is several broken promises to repair a dangerous road in Inishowen. Cllr Bernard McGuinness was speaking at an Inishowen Municipal District meeting on Thursday afternoon over a dangerous subsidence on a road between Culfaff and Malin Head.The Fine Gael Councillor directed his comments toward the council’s road department, who he says promised him in August 2019 that the road would be repaired on a temporary basis. However, Roads Director, John Mc Laughlin, who inspected the road two weeks ago, confirmed that works would take place on November 15th this year.When McLaughlin dismissed Cllr McGuinness fears over the state of the road, Cathaoirleach of Inishowen, Cllr Martin McDermott, refuted McLaughlin’s claims saying a motorcycle accident had taken place on the road on Sunday last.Speaking during the meeting, Cllr McGuinness said: “Both of these roads are on bog but they have subsided.“I was promised it would be done for the last two months and nothing has been done. “There was no signage to warn drivers of the holes when it had near misses and accidents.“Now, I have been told that the road will be fixed in November and I have to question whether there is any point in me sitting here at all?“This road is very dangerous and I have gone to every length that I can and it has been completely inadequate.“I have been told a new date for this repair and quite frankly, I don’t believe you. Why should I?“I don’t know what I can do to emphasis this,” he added. “People come to me and I have to tell them that I’ve told the council, that they are well aware of it. “And yet, not even a temporary job has been done and I know our own men from the council could do the job because they are excellent.“There is someone blocking this and ordinary maintenance of roads in Inishowen is paramount to our job.”Anger as councillor accuses county council of “blocking” work on Inishowen road was last modified: October 24th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Donegal RoadInishowen read more
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Eureka >> These last few months of Grace Brushi’s athletic career at College of the Redwoods have been memorable to say the least. The 2017 Golden Valley Conference discus and hammer throw champion signed a National Letter of Intent on Thursday to attend NCAA Division II Fresno Pacific University, where she will compete as a field athlete specializing in the hammer throw for the Sunbirds next year.“I’m pretty excited and nervous at the same time,” said Bruschi, who owns the CR school record … read more
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Making biofuel from corn stover could become economically viable for farmers with government support and, therefore, lead to a major shift in crop rotation practices favoring more continuous corn plantings, Purdue University researchers conclude.The agricultural economists examined how the development of corn stover for cellulosic ethanol would affect corn and soybean markets and the traditional corn-soybean crop rotation in the United States.Corn stover is considered a “second-generation” biofuel feedstock because it involves transforming the cellulosic material in the stover to biofuels instead of using the corn starch as in conventional corn ethanol.“If second-generation biofuels became economically viable and a massive amount of biofuels were produced from agricultural residue, this could have a major impact on the agricultural commodity markets,” said energy policy specialist Wallace Tyner, the James and Lois Ackerman Professor of Agricultural Economics and a co-author of the research report.Also on the team were lead author Farzad Taheripour, a research associate professor, and graduate student Julie Fiegel.“The development of second-generation biofuels is critically important to advancing the biofuels industry,” Taheripour said. “First-generation biofuels, produced from food crops, will not be able to replace a large portion of the oil-based liquid fuels because a rapid expansion in these biofuels could have adverse impacts on our food supply.”If technology and government support become economically viable, converting corn stover to biofuels would affect the profitability of corn production compared with other crops and also the crop rotation practices in the Midwest, the researchers said. There likely would be more continuous corn versus the traditional corn-and-soybean rotation. Also, corn and soybean production would expand to areas other than the historic Corn Belt.The researchers concluded that the supply of stover-based bio-gasoline would be very limited at low levels of crude oil prices in particular when the government does not support bio-gasoline production. But with a bio-gasoline subsidy of $1.01 per gallon, the market would produce significant amounts of bio-gasoline, especially at medium and higher crude prices.The researchers projected that with a viable corn stover market and stover at a farm price of $85.40 a ton, a large majority of farmers would find it profitable to harvest stover.If converting corn stover to biofuel becomes profitable, either because of market forces or government supports, then farmers would consider revenue from both stover and corn in making planting decisions, the researchers said. If the joint profits from corn and corn stover are higher than from soybean production, the researchers said farmers likely would grow more corn.The study, “Development of Corn Stover Biofuel: Impacts on Corn and Soybean Markets and Crop Rotation,” was published by the Canadian Center of Science and Education. It is available on the website of Sustainable Agriculture Research at http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/sar/article/view/54396/28954. read more
Gold-green rice fields punctuated by groves of palm and bamboo; misty blue mountains on the horizon; emerald green tea gardens; and the bustle of fast growing cities… The new Assam combines traditional bases of nature and culture with the demands of 21st century.Trend cityGuwahati now sports a rash of malls like Big Bazaar, Pantaloons and Vishal Mega Mart, where the shopping options are many and varied. Pantaloons opened as recently as 2008 and is providing all its well known brands to the fashionistas of the region. On a different note, Artfed, Assam’s Handloom division, is planning a Dubai style shopping complex to offer the wide variety of Assam textiles in traditional and haute couture forms. The city’s first 5-star is underway and should be complete in a few year’s time and Cinemax opened its 12th multiplex in Guwahati, making it the city’s first.Food for thoughtThat Assamese dishes have the potential to go global was the thought behind Kharika, which opened in 2007. Owned by well known Assamese chef Atul Lahkar and Nripen Deka, the restaurant has made a name for dishing up ethnic cuisines of the region.Tea offTea gardens are a big drawSince 2005, ‘tea tourism’ has been developing rapidly and with it, the luxuries of tea garden hospitality. Purvi Discovery operates two heritage Chang bungalows near Dibrugarh and has pioneered the concept of equestrian tours through the tea gardens for those who have a passion for horses. In the very Assamese village of Jalukonibari, you’ll find the 72-year-old Thengal Manor, or there’s Mistry Sahib’s Bungalow in another Jorhat tea garden. The latest of these offerings included the setting up of a health resort, Ayur Sanjeeva, at Tilikiam, Charingia in July 2009. Part of the Puranimati Plantation, Ayur Sanjeeva, as its name suggests will offer ayurvedic treatment in its Santhigiri Ayurveda Village, 7 km from the town of Jorhat.Life in the wildAt Kaziranga National ParkLocated at Kokilabari, Barpeta district, Assam, to the east of Manas National Park, the Manas Maozigendri Jungle Camp has four Bodo style cottages. There are also two guesthouses in the village and homestay facilities in Bodo households for those who want a taste of the traditional lifestyle.Sualkuchi is known for its golden tussar work. A new Assam tourism initiative will soon allow people to stay at the Rural Tourist Centre in the quaint village of Gondhmow quite close to Sualkuchi. When it opens later this year, tourists will sit back by the fire on languid Assamese evenings to enjoy Bihu, Zikir and Bagrumba dances, folk songs and egg fights and then dine on traditional cuisine. During the day they can cruise the Brahmaputra or explore the forests.Feast of natureEnjoy local festivalsHowever if you can’t wait till then, then January is when the potpourri of the Dehing Patkai Festival kicks off. Organised by the Department of Tourism since 2002, it brings together fairs, tea heritage tours, golfing, adventurous sports, wildlife excursions and trips to the Stilwell Road and World War II cemeteries. The festival takes its name from the Dehing river and the Patkai range, which is located in eastern Assam.Staying in styleThengal Manor heritage hotelThe Assam Bengal Navigation company launched the first luxury cruise down the Brahmaputra in 2003, with one air-conditioned boat, the Charaidew. The second, the Sukapha, set sail in 2006 and this was followed by the inauguration of the Diphlu River Lodge at Kaziranga in January 2008 and the Bansberi Lodge at Manas. A combination of boats and lodges result in comfortable explorations of Kaziranga and Manas–a very cushy way to answer the call of the wild!There’s another way to see Assam: by rail, over the picture-postcard stretch from Badarpur in North Cachar Hills to Lumding in Nagaon, with mountain streams, tunnels and forests. The Jatinga Rail Safari used to cover this route and had passengers jostling for tickets and, once the line is converted to broad gauge, the train will be running again at the end of this year.Wait for it–there is this and many more amazing experiences to come from the new Assam.advertisement Fact fileKharika Opposite Borah Service Station, GS Road, Kamal C. Plaza, Guwahati; tel: (0) 94350 10935Purvi Discovery Log on to www.purviweb.comThengal Manor Jalukonibari, Jorhat; tel: (0376) 230 4267; www.welcomheritagehotels.comMistry Sahib’s Bungalow Sangsua Tea Estate, Jorhat; tel: (0376) 230 4267; www.welcomheritagehotels.comAyur Sanjeeva Puranimati T.E., Tilikiam, P.O. Charingia, JorhatManas Maozigendri Jungle Camp Bodoland Territorial Autonomous Council, Bagsa; tel: (0) 99578 44136Sualkuchi 30 km from GuwahatiRural Tourist Centre Gondhmow; tel: (0) 99544 44745The Charaidew Luxury Cruise Tel: (0361) 2602 223, 2603 289; www.assambengalnavigation.comadvertisementDiphlu River Lodge At Kaziranga; tel: (0361) 2602 223, 2602 186; www.diphluriverlodge.comBansberi Lodge At Manas; tel: (0361) 2602 223, 2602 186 read more