There are some subjects, writer John le Carré once said, “that can only be tackled in fiction”. It is curious, then, that Fernando Meirelles’ film adatation of one of le Carré’s most recent novels is so rooted in fact. The plot is, of course, entirely imaginary. After the horrific murder of his wife Tessa, British diplomat Justin Quayle (Ralph Fiennes) continues her fatal investigation of a pharmaceutical company’s sinister dealings in NorthernKenya. In the process, he unearths secrets not only of illegal drug-testing, but about the mysterious life his wife lead. Yet, as always with le Carré, this fictitious scenery is a backdrop to contemporary political comment. The film is directed more to modern pharmaceutical companies (sustained, in le Carré’s words, by “huge wealth, pathological secrecy, corruption and greed”) than it is to our imaginations.The style in which The Constant Gardener is shot is as different to Meirelles’ most well-known film, City of God (2002), as could be. An adrenaline-fuelled chase through the street-life of Rio de Janeiro’s slums, City of God raced along at an intoxicatinglyvisceral speed. The Constant Gardener, by contrast, takes a more thoughtful pace, with narrative and characters alike teased out subtly and slowly. This gives us plenty of time to mull over what we’re witnessing. The downside is that it takes a long while to feel involved in the story enough to enjoy it.Ralph Fiennes is excellent in the lead role, the lines of his face speakinga jaded melancholy and pain at the death of his wife that he himself never vocalises. Throughout the film, his quest to uncover the truth about the pharmaceutical company is interspersed with flashbacks from his married life. Tessa Quayle (another quietly gripping performance from Rachel Weisz) was as passionate and full of life as her husband is restrained and, well, British. Justin discovers through his investigations not only horrific inhumanities but the love that his wife held for him, which he had doubted for a long while. The finesse with which Meirelles brings out this retrospective examination of a relationship is the best element of the film.Another high point is Bill Nighy’s dubious government official, Sir BernardPellegrin. “Some rocks are better left unturned,” he warns Justin over a fillet mignon, a sinister smirk lying underneath his charming politician’s smile. As Justin moves between exotic Kenya and drab London, the tension and paranoia build, culminating in death threats left him in his hotel rooms. The arresting thrills of this are set nicely against the more contemplativeside of the film, examining the complexities of morality and relationships.In one scene, Justin and a white friend rush towards an aeroplane, their only means of escape from a Kenyan village under attack. With them runs a terrified local black child. When they reach the plane she is not allowed on board with them, left to be raped and beaten because those are “the rules”. The film is packed with such injustices,yet ultimately they are so diluted through the slow pace and frequent digressions into flashback that their full emotional weight is never felt. The Constant Gardener is as well-constructed as it is beautifully shot, the rich tones of Africa captured with breathtaking vitality. This movie is as enjoyable as it is thought-provoking and intelligent. But when the screen went black and the credits rolled, it didn’t leave me half as outraged as I felt I should have been.ARCHIVE: 5th week MT 2005
Spanish firm Europastry is to open a commercial subsidiary in the Netherlands to widen its distribution links in Europe.The new site will serve markets in Germany, Belgium and Northern Europe, to which it already distributes. The firm, which produces part-baked bread and frozen pastries, also has subsidiaries in Portugal and France and exports to 20 countries.With plans to expand further into international markets, Europastry said it already obtains 15% of its income from outside Spain. Last year it achieved a E360 million turnover (£320.4m) and grew by 10%.It has seen high growth rates for a number of its products, such as Pan Gran Reserva a country loaf and its doughnuts. “During the first six months of the year, doughnut exports grew by 40%, making Euro-pastry the largest European manufacturer of frozen doughnuts,” said a spokesperson for the company. It has also invested E12.3m (£10.94m) on research and development this year, and has worked to eliminate hydrogenated fats from its products and launch a new range of healthier pastries for children.
Earlier this year, British Baker reported how Memory Lane Cakes and Kensey Foods products had to be pulled off shelves, because German eggs had been used that risked containing illegal levels of dioxin. For those in the egg replacers market this helped greatly to validate their argument about the food safety benefits of egg replacers.The advantages of replacers vary from product to product, but Gill Bullock, marketing manager of Orchard Valley Foods’ OvoLact 34, an egg alternative derived from milk for cake batters, cites benefits such as: lower cost; less staling over shelf-life; suitability for lower-fat and lower-cholesterol recipes; reduction in the impact of egg quality variations; a creamy flavour and texture; simplicity of use; and clean label.Eradicating additives is the Holy Grail, according to Judith Ferguson, research and development manager at Pritchitts. She says the trend to all things natural is an industry “challenge” because natural is exactly how eggs are perceived.Arla Foods says its milk-based egg replacement is 100% natural with no E numbers, soya, fillers, lecithin, gums or starch. John Gelley, Arla’s sales manager for the UK and Ireland, says: “When you talk to people about egg replacement, they automatically think about things made cheaper rather than the quality issues.”Arla believes it has changed all that because of its investment in filtration techniques as far down as ultra-filtration and nano-filtration in cheese manufacture, which Gelley says enables Arla to offer “a 100% natural replacement for egg in most bakery applications that replaces the function of whole egg with the functionality of milk product”. It is not suitable for vegans because it is an animal by-product but there are no additives in it. However, Arla offers one that is suitable for vegetarians and one that contains animal rennet, which is not.Gelley says many egg replacers have historically been extenders rather than replacers. He explains that, in the past, products have extended the egg used by 10%, using starch or gums. And replacement products were in the form of mixtures that would make the end product cheaper, but possibly not as good.Different stylesToday, egg replacers in the baking industry can be divided into those derived from dairy, from wheat and from soya. Milk and cream replacers can be derived from a variety of base ingredients to replicate the particular needs of differing applications. The main constituents will be derivatives of dairy or vegetable oils.Players in the replacers market include Ulrick & Short, Arla, Fayrefield Foodtec, Macphie, Puratos, Zeelandia, Pritchitts, Rich Products and Orchard Valley Foods. The industry uses replacers to save costs and, they would argue, to deliver health, logistical and energy-saving benefits.Arla’s Gelley says cost reduction can now be achieved without loss of product quality, because 50% of the eggs used may be replaced with Arla milk proteins the recipe will still be made with eggs but not as many. He adds that Arla can offer tailor-made solutions to suit all kinds of applications. He says: “You wouldn’t want the same formula in a meringue as in a Christmas cake, because you would not want the cake full of air.”Gelley says Arla is continuously developing and testing new products. “As the market changes, we need to stay ahead to ensure our products will continue to work with new and different raw materials, such as enzymes for example. He suggests that, for an average cake recipe, only half of the eggs should be removed and, in this case, Arla aims to reduce the cost of this by around 25%. The savings are increased against the use of more costly free-range eggs. The “cost containment” is more prevalent when it is a partial replacement. “It helps contain costs when commodities rise in price,” Gelley says.Macphie, which produces both dairy cream and egg alternatives, says its cream alternatives are a more cost-effective option because they whip up to about four times the original volume compared with dairy cream. The company, which has brands such as Mactop Extra, Glendelight, Double C and Macfil alternatives, has made non-hydrogenated versions available, towards which it says there has been an increasing move.Steve Timms, managing director of Fayrefield Foodtec, which developed dairy-based egg replacements under the GelTec brand, and milk replacers under the DairyTec brand, says each has different characteristics and the precise application will determine effectiveness.An egg glaze can give croissants, scones, pies, pastries and slices products an appearance that shouts “eat me” in a bakery shop window. Rob Little, a business development manager at Shine Glaze supplier Pritchitts, says: “Some like their scones rustic-looking and flour-covered but many prefer them with a shiny, eggy gloss it’s the showroom shine effect,” he says.Powder, paste or liquidThe egg replacers market includes powder or paste solutions and liquid. Powder or paste are not particularly convenient, because they have to be mixed thoroughly and prepared. They are also messy and potentially damaging to spraying or spinning disk applicator machinery if not dissolved correctly. Pritchitt’s Shine Glaze, which is aseptically packed and delivered and stored ambient, “is considerably more hygienic than using egg products which provide the perfect condition for bacterial growth,” Little claims.Egg, milk and cream replacers are just the tip of the iceberg, however. Ulrick & Short, the Easiglaze and Ovaprox company, for example, has fat replacers and phosphate alternatives in its range.The egg industry is naturally unimpressed. Clive Frampton, chairman of British Lion Egg Processors, says: “Unlike egg products, egg replacement products may contain a host of different ingredients and additives, which are required to be included on the product label. Surprisingly, some egg replacers actually also contain egg white, so cannot be used as an ingredient in egg-free products, including those produced for vegans.” Also, egg replacers were often more expensive than natural egg and, while they could perform well in some circumstances, they did not work consistently well across all products, so it was better to use the real thing, he argues.However, the egg industry will find itself up against the Welfare of Laying Hens Directive, which comes in at the beginning of next year legislation that could see egg prices skyrocket. The Directive will outlaw the use of battery farming methods in the production of eggs and chickens and require egg producers using caged hens to keep them in more spacious cages with extra facilities.It is thought many egg producers could go out of business because it will not be viable for all to make the necessary production changes to meet the new regulations. While the British Lion Egg Processors claim the UK is on track to meet the new rules, which kick in from January 2012, there are huge concerns over whether the rest of Europe – where many bakeries source their eggs – is up to speed. Fayrefield Foodtec’s Steve Timms says: “The effect this will have on egg prices is not exactly known but it is safe to say that prices will rise, possibly dramatically.” Timms says canny manufacturers are now looking at increasing the use of egg replacers in anticipation, because availability will be a distinct advantage. A potential cost spike needs to be weighed up against the pros and cons of switching from eggs to replacers.
Load remaining images Twiddle wrapped up their three-night run at New York City’s Irving Plaza last night for some late night shenanigans after Phish at Madison Square Garden. Their NYC stand kicked off on Thursday night, when they were joined by fellow Vermonters and synth-pop aficionados Madalia for a special combined cover set dubbed “Twidalia.” Friday night brought the Giant Country Horns — the legendary horn section that has previously performed with Phish — to the late-night show. And on Saturday night, to close their run, Twiddle welcomed young guitar prodigy Brandon “Taz” Niederauer to perform throughout the night as a special guest.Twiddle and Taz have shared the stage before, with their most recent performance at the PlayStation Theater in April. With such a past, the comfort zone invited Mihali Savoulidis and the young axe man to trade blistering riffs to the delight of the crowd.Watch them perform a cover of “Angel From Montgomery” below, courtesy of Mitchell Shectman:Enjoy the full gallery, from photographer Bahram Foroughi.Twiddle | Irving Plaza | NYC | 7/22/17 | Photos by Bahram Foroughi
For many animals, making sense of sensory stimuli is often a matter or life or death.Exactly how animals separate objects of interest, such as food sources or the scent of predators, from background information, however, remains largely unknown. What is less of a mystery, thanks to new work by Harvard researchers, is the extent to which animals can make such distinctions, along with how differences among scents might affect the process.For a study described in an Aug. 3 paper in Nature Neuroscience, a team of researchers led by Venkatesh Murthy, a professor of molecular and cellular biology, showed that while mice can be trained to detect specific odorants embedded in random mixtures, their performance drops steadily with increasing background components. The team included Dan Rokni, Vikrant Kapoor, and Vivian Hemmelder, all from Harvard.“There is a continuous stream of information constantly arriving at our senses, coming from many different sources,” Murthy said. “The classic example would be a cocktail party — though it may be noisy, and there may be many people talking, we are able to focus our attention on one person, while ignoring the background noise.“Is the same also true for smells?” he continued. “We are bombarded with many smells all jumbled up. Can we pick out one smell ‘object’ — the smell of jasmine, for example, amidst a riot of other smells? Our experience tells us indeed we can, but how do we pick out the ones that we need to pay attention to, and what are the limitations?”After training mice to detect specific scents, researchers presented the animals with a combination of smells — sometimes including the “target” scent, sometimes not. Though previous research had suggested animals were poor at individual smells, and instead perceived a mixture as a single smell, in the new study mice were able to identify a target scent with 85 percent accuracy or better.“Although the mice do well overall, they perform progressively poorer when the number of background odors increases,” Murthy explained.To understand why, the researchers first had to overcome a problem particular to olfaction.While the relationship between visual stimuli is relatively easy to understand — differences in color easily can be described as differences in wavelength of light — no such path exists for describing how two odors relate to each other. Instead, the researchers sought to describe scents according to how they activated neurons in the brain.Using fluorescent proteins, they created images that showed how each of 14 different odors stimulated neurons in the olfactory bulb. What they found, Murthy said, was that the ability of mice to identify a particular smell was markedly diminished if background smells activated the same neurons as the target odor.“Each odor gives rise to a particular spatial pattern of neural responses,” Murthy said. “When the spatial pattern of the background odors overlapped with the target odor, the mice did much more poorly at detecting the target. Therefore, the difficulty of picking out a particular smell among a jumble of other odors depends on how much the background interferes with your target smell. So, we were able to give a neural explanation for how well you can solve the cocktail-party problem.“This study is interesting because it first shows that smells are not always perceived as one whole object — they can be broken down into their pieces,” he added. “This is perhaps not a surprise — there are in fact coffee or wine specialists that can detect faint whiffs of particular elements within the complex mixture of flavors in each coffee or wine. But by doing these studies in mice, we can now get a better understanding of how the brain does this.”
Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of the United States, and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter will speak at Purcell Pavilion on Sunday during the 2018 Carter Work Project Opening Ceremonies, according to an email sent to the Notre Dame community.According to the email, the Carter Work project is in its 35th year. Hosted by Habitat for Humanity of St. Joseph County, the “annual building blitz” will involve the construction of 23 new homes over five days. The Carters and country musicians Garth Brooks and Trisha Yearwood will assist volunteers and “future homeowners” in building the houses in Mishawaka throughout the week.University President Fr. John Jenkins will speak at the event, as well as Jonathan Reckford, CEO of Habitat for Humanity International and Jim Williams, president of Habitat for Humanity of St. Joseph County.Carter has visited Notre Dame several times, the email said. In 1977 — his first year in office — the former president delivered the Commencement Address. He and his wife were recognized with the first Notre Dame Award in 1992, and in March 2015, he delivered a speech at a tribute for University President Emeritus Fr. Theodore Hesburgh.The hour-long Opening Ceremonies are free and do not require tickets. Doors will open at 4:30 p.m.Tags: habitat for humanity, Jimmy Carter, President of the United States, Purcell Pavilion, Rosalynn Carter
Terri Russ, a communication studies associate professor at Saint Mary’s, will teach a new spring semester seminar on “Women, Leadership, and Communication” beginning in 2020. The seminar is titled “Why Don’t Women Rule the World?,” taking its name from one of the course texts.“I used to teach a seminar focused on female beauty and how it operates as a discourse controlling women’s bodies and existence,” Russ said in an email. “While beauty as a discourse still operates in this way, I decided to reframe the class to focus on women as leaders.”This seminar was inspired by the distinct difference in the number of male executives to female, Russ said. Women, especially women of color, have still faced inequality in leadership positions, she said.“There exist many reasons for this inequitable gendered distribution of leadership positions, including the fact that American women today are still enmeshed in a history of cultural practices that dictate how we should behave and appear,” the syllabus reads.This seminar will address the expectations women are held to that preclude them from assuming executive positions.“Daily, we [women] are confronted with these discursive double blinds that demand we be quiet and dainty at the same time we are strong and confident,” the syllabus reads. “These then are the assumptions on which this course is based … that even today women, despite greater access to educational resources, still confront inequitable access to formal leadership roles.”The course will begin by examining Kimberlé Crenshaw’s concept of intersectionality and “the role it plays in how we ‘do’ identity and how all identity expectations are formalized through systemic and structural mechanisms that reinforce dominant gendered norms,” the syllabus states.Crenshaw coined the term “intersectionality” in 1989 to describe the intersection of race, gender and social status within identity.Many more topics and discussions will take place to get students to think critically about career development for women and the barriers they could potentially face, Russ said.“I hope they will gain a comprehensive understanding of the various obstacles they are likely to face as they enter the world after college and dare to take on the label of ‘leader,’” Russ said.Russ said she hopes students will be more prepared for their futures as they work towards their goals, keeping in mind they might face challenges that could potentially limit their ambitions.“One of the key things this class offers is opening a space in which students can reflect on what it means to be a woman in 2020 and hear about the experiences of women who are actively engaging with being a leader during a time when women are still considered lesser-than,” Russ said.There will be guest speakers throughout the course to offer different perspectives into being a female in today’s workforce.“I am excited to have the opportunity to not only discuss what it means to be a woman leader at this moment in time, but also to allow for multi-generational collaboration and support,” Russ said.Tags: Communication Studies, Feminism, intersectionality, Kimberlé Crenshaw, women, women in the workplace
By Juan Delgado/Diálogo April 12, 2019 In early March, the Argentine Naval Prefecture (PNA, in Spanish) chased a Chinese-flagged ship that fished illegally in Argentina’s southern Patagonia waters. The Chinese fishing boat managed to flee the scene, leading the Argentine justice system to request an international warrant for its arrest, PNA reported. The naval institution notified the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) on March 13, requesting the Chinese vessel’s arrest for “resisting or disobeying authority.” The Argentine Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship also required from the People’s Republic of China information related to home port, crew, and ship owner or company for which the vessel worked, PNA indicated in a press release. “Illegal fishing is a global problem,” Rosendo Fraga, an Argentine political analyst who specializes in military issues, told Diálogo. “The argument of each country’s maritime border limits is a subject that hasn’t been fully resolved, because some countries have different views.” Risky pursuit On the night of March 1, PNA personnel aboard the coast guard GC-24 Mantilla detected the Chinese ship Hua Xiang 801 within Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), 199 nautical miles off the coast of San Jorge Gulf. The Chinese vessel didn’t emit satellite positioning information. “It was a dangerous operation that lasted more than three hours,” PNA told Diálogo in a release. “Mantilla started sailing toward the fishing vessel and determined it was using its fishing equipment and had its working lights on, so we activated the protocol to prevent illegal fishing.” The Mantilla’s crew attempted repeated calls in Spanish and English to the fishing vessel and sent sound signals—all were ignored. The Chinese vessel proceeded to raise anchor and sail toward international waters, while jettisoning its fishing equipment. During the escape, the vessel made dangerous maneuvers and attempted to crash into the coast guard ship. PNA responded with warning shots. “Since there was no response, we followed protocol and sent warning shots toward the fishing vessel’s bow, in an attempt to deter its escape without affecting its navigation to safeguard the crew’s lives,” PNA said. “Despite this, the Chinese vessel’s captain didn’t stop, so we continued our warning shots toward the fishing vessel, over its floating line.” Due to the vessel’s position and course, the coast guard ship aborted the pursuit and returned to its patrolling area. Following the PNA’s actions, Argentine Minister of Security Patricia Bullrich praised the maritime force’s work in the fight against illegal fishing. “With more technology in their vessels, the force is each day more prepared to safeguard our natural resources located hundreds of miles off the [Argentine] coast.” Marine wealth With a maritime territory extending more than 43,000 square kilometers, Argentina has an abundance of marine wealth, due to the biodiversity of the Argentine Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. During high season—from January to July—dozens of international fishing vessels, mostly Chinese and South Korean, come close to the Argentine maritime border to benefit from the high concentration of commercial species, such as squid (migratory), hake, ray, and shark, among others. “The exploitation of natural resources—at sea, in the maritime subsoil, the Arctic, and Antarctica, and outer space—is a priority in the 21st century,” Fraga said. “This ichthyologic wealth demands solid measures for control, protection, and conservation, as well as monitoring of activity recorded in Argentine waters.” Historical background The request for an international arrest warrant comes with some historical antecedents: In 2016, Argentina ordered the arrest of Chinese ship Hua Li 8 for fishing illegally in Argentine maritime territory. INTERPOL intercepted the Chinese vessel in April 2016, in Indonesian waters. The ship remained confiscated for months until its shipyard company paid a fine of more than $170,000. In a similar case in February 2018, PNA requested an arrest warrant against Chinese vessel Jing Yuan 626 for fishing illegally in San Jorge Gulf and evading authorities during an eight-hour-long chase. In May 2018, the shipyard company paid a fine of more than $170,000. In February 2019, PNA captured South Korean vessel O Yang 77 for fishing illegally inside the EEZ. In March, the shipyard company paid a fine of about $500,000 to recover the ship which had 130 tons of fish aboard. One month earlier, on January 24, an Argentine Navy P-3 Orion aircraft detected more than 350 foreign fishing vessels near the border of the Argentine EEZ. Although the arrival of international ships close to the Argentine maritime border isn’t uncommon, the number of vessels observed in late January was higher than usual, the Navy stated. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Argentina loses an estimated $2 million annually due to illegal fishing. “We have to think of diplomatic, military, and scientific and technological actions to defend Argentina’s rights,” said Fraga. Argentine Minister of Defense Oscar Aguad told the press that “an ambitious project will be launched to more efficiently control illegal fishing in the South Atlantic through a joint agreement with the Ministry of Security and the Secretariat of [Agriculture, Livestock, and] Fisheries.”
It is unknown how many people are involved or if anyone is injured. CONKLIN (WBNG) — New York State Police and the Binghamton Police Department are investigating a shooting early Friday morning. State police say there is no threat to the public at this time and it is believed to be an isolated incident. New York State Police say part of the road is blocked off. Police say they responded to shots fired on Conklin Road in Conklin around 12:20 am. This is a developing story, stay with 12 News for further updates.
Hit the beach or stay put?As a dad of three kids under five I avoid going away during school holiday periods like the plague.The flights are expensive, the beaches are crowded and the hotels are full to the brim! For that reason, while I don’t have kids in school, I stay close to home when a fair chunk of the city heads out of town.And as I look around the open homes there are many more just like me.For years agents have talked about school holidays when they are setting up marketing campaigns.AFFORDABLE suburbs with big price growthYou see listing numbers reduce and advertisements in the paper drop back. But does it really affect the result that much?Over the last two weeks I have sold many properties, in fact our New Farm office will likely smash its previous record and the buyers of these were seemingly unaffected by the break.I have also noticed a large number of people using technology to view property and the using other services to buy those properties.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this homeless than 1 hour agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investorless than 1 hour agoSchool holidays shouldn’t have a major impact on finding a buyer according to auctioneer Haesley Cush.Which means they could be chilling on the beach and buying at the same time.We had one buyer last week who was bidding on the phone from Vanuatu while their competition sent a buyer’s agent along to bid for them.From the other side of the fence last week a New Farm vendor commented on the number of new listings that had hit the market since Spring.MORTGAGE stress: one in six homeownersSimilarly, there will be even more next week after the school holidays. These owners are waiting for a wave a buyers to come back from holidays and sure there will be more buyers in the market, but there will also now be more properties for them to chose from.As a rule real estate is a now business. There will always be a reason to wait. But with most of us spending our holidays with a phone on the hip and using the time to catch up on some household administration, buying a property during a break is seemingly up there on the agenda, is probably an easier time for some to do it and for the rest of us without kids at school the holidays are simple a welcome break from traffic congestion for a week or so.
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